The volcano last erupted in It is located on both sides of the boundary of Shizuoka and Yamanashi prefectures just west of Tokyo.
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It is located near the Pacific coast of central Honshu. Mount Fuji is just about in the middle of the Japanese archipelago. On a clear day you can see it from Tokyo, km to the east. Its majestic profile can be seen more than km away. It rises 3, meters about sea level, making it the 29th tallest volcano in the world. It is a beautiful, almost perfect cone, and the beauty is made complete with lakes dammed by lava flows, rivers and ponds. The area is rich in wildlife and natural vegetation.
Fuji is an active volcano; from time to time it erupts, throwing out lava and cinders. Since ancient times, people have thought it that it is blessed; some even worshipped it as a god. These beliefs led more and more people to climb the mountain in medieval times and in the 18th century shrines were made all over Japan to respect the mountain. Today, about , people climb every year, realising their dream to get to the top at least once in their lifetime.
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Mount Fuji continues to have a special place in the hearts of the Japanese. The Japanese have developed a strong bond with Mount Fuji, and the history of Japanese art shows it. There have been drawing and poems on Mount Fuji. They date from the 11th century. Fuji appears in art because it has been admired as a symbol of beauty.
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It is metres above sea level. The climate is very cold due to the altitude and the cone is covered by snow throughout the year and the higher up you go the colder it is. The Japanese archipelago is thought to lie above the edges of five plates. Mount Fuji is located just about in the middle of the archipelago, almost above where three of the plate meets.
It has erupted violently many times in its history. The Fuji we see today developed on top of two older volcanoes. About 10, years ago, one of these mountains, Old Fuji Volcano began throwing out huge amounts of lava everywhere. Over the next thousand years, out of this chaos came the shape of the mountain that now exists. Other later eruptions gave the finishing touches to the beautiful cone seen today.
The most recent violent activity lasted about years, during the 9th, 10th and 11th centuries. The large forested highland and numerous lakes are the result we see today. Then in , the volcano eruption opened up three craters and caused a lot of damage to villages and farmland. It sent huge clouds of volcanic ash that rained down on the big city of Tokyo.
Essay about Japan
Mount Fuji has been dormant since its last eruption in which was almost years now. But for a volcano with a life span of hundreds of thousands of years, three centuries are almost no time at all. Geologists still believe that it is an active volcano so would be perfectly normal for the mountain to erupt again at any time and is only sleeping. Mount Fuji. Accessed October 18, This is just a sample. You can get your custom paper from our expert writers. Japanese people show great pride in their heritage and they use their food as a form of expression in order to show their cultural heritage.
The Japanese focus on the small things in their cuisine that helps make such a large impact in the quality of the food. The country takes pride in their food Most families, especially in urban areas, are nuclear, consisting of the parents and their children. Slightly extended families, such as an elderly parent living with a married couple and their children, are not uncommon, but in general extended kin groups no longer play a major role in people's daily lives. The primary imperative of the family as a social institution was to survive across the generations.
The household head's role ideally was to be steward for a family's intergenerational fortunes, honoring the memories of ancestors who had established the family's position and ensuring that family assets, traditions, and social standing would be passed on intact to an unbroken line of future heirs. In traditional agrarian life, land was almost never divided, because to do so might imperil the next generation's ability to survive. So in most cases, inheritance was by a single child, usually the eldest son. In the case of an extremely prosperous family, they might be able to establish other children in newly independent family lines, which would remain forever subservient to the original line.
Various kinds of fictive kinship modeled on patterns of adoption and relationships between family banches have been used to sustain other kinds of social relationships. Patron-client relationships sometimes are referred to as parent-child ties, and may involve elaborate formal rituals of bonding. Traditional artistic life is structured around master-apprentice relationships that involve adoption and the establishment of lineages.
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The kinship system before World War II was based on upper-class family patterns established during the late Tokugawa period. In the late nineteenth century, the Meiji government put in place legal norms and standards that defined an ideal family structure. It established clear rules about membership, inheritance patterns, and the authority of the household head over assets and Women in costume at the Needle Festival in Tokyo.
This legal structure was radically altered after World War II, by reducing patriarchal authority, increasing the legal rights of women, and requiring that estates be shared among children and widows. Patterns of traditional kinship still shape the social conventions of family life. The traditional family system was organized around a multigenerational household with a single central authority: the male household head. Inheritance of a family's estate and succession to a family's occupation, social position, and obligations devolved to a single child. In most regions, this involved inheritance and succession by the oldest son.
All other children were expected to leave the natal household and become members of another family system through marriage or adoption. In terms of social participation, the household was considered as a single unit rather than the sum of its members. Infant Care. Infants and young children are doted on, and child rearing is a considered a very important responsibility for women in their twenties and thirties.
Many women give birth to their first child after little more than a year of marriage, and married couples without children are uncommon. Child Rearing and Education. Child rearing involves a high degree of physical and emotional interaction between mother and child; fathers are less involved.
Traditionally, sons were favored over daughters, and the oldest son was raised quite differently from the other sons. Particularly close bonds between oldest sons and their mothers were not uncommon. In modern urban nuclear families, close psychological ties between mothers and children are extremely common. Childhood socialization is guided by the widespread belief that a child is a passive and malleable being; innate talent or ability is less important than is its being properly shaped, particularly by maternal influences.
These attitudes carry over into the early years of education. Differentiation of students by academic ability does not take place until the end of elementary school, and the emphasis in primary education is on social integration, self-discipline, and the fundamental skills of reading, writing, and arithmetic. Responsibility for curriculum standards and textbook approval lies with the Ministry of Education, which must approve public and private educational institutions.
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There are two levels of pre-school: nursery school from about three years of age and kindergarten from about five years of age. Compulsory education begins at about age six with elementary school, which lasts for six years, followed by three years of middle school. Mandatory education ends with middle school, but most students go on to high school. Entrance examinations are generally are required for admission to all levels of private schools and for public schools beyond elementary school.
At better schools, these exams can be extremely competitive. In preparation for college entrance examinations, sometimes for high school, and occasionally even at lower levels, a student may leave school to devote an entire year to studying at an examination academy.
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The examination system is a source of anxiety for children and their families pushy mothers are dubbed "education mamas". Bullying among students is a common problem.
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A related problem is the reintegration of students who have studied overseas. Higher Education. Half of high school graduates receive an advanced education. There are public and private universities and four-year colleges and almost two-year colleges. A college degree is a prerequisite for most middle-class occupations, and many companies formally restrict their recruiting to graduates of specific universities.
This creates enormous pressure to enter top-ranked schools. High schools are evaluated in terms of their success in placing their graduates prestigious universities. For many students, college is seen as an opportunity to take a break from years of preparation for examinations, and college life often is regarded as a relaxing interlude before one starts a career. Etiquette can be a full-time occupation, especially in the context of traditional artistic pursuits, such as the tea ceremony, where its principles are incorporated as elements of performance.
Even in more prosaic circumstances, many points of etiquette are elaborately codified, including an extensive vocabulary and grammar for polite conversation; specific principles for the selection, presentation, and reciprocation of gifts; and standards for bowing and exchanging name cards. Many people find the intricacies of etiquette daunting, and books that offer advice on these situations are steady sellers.