He recounts in his book, The Uhi-Maori , that elite families tattooed the younger sisters prior to the tattooing of the eldest one, who was the most tapu sacred. The tattooing of the lips and chin of the first-born daughter of a chief was extremely tapu, and the rite was called ahi ta ngutu sacred fire.
During the tattooing, others from the tribe would surround the patient and sing specific whakatangitangi repetitive songs to ease the painful and highly sacred process, the song for women being the whakawai taanga ngutu. People without tattoos were papatea unmarked, and thus of lower status , and to be tattooed was a sign of attractiveness and high status in the community. Thrace of the Greco-Roman world existed in what we now call east Macedonia, southeast Bulgaria and parts of Turkey. Pictorial representations of Thracian women with tattoos appear on Greek red-figure vases such as the one pictured here, with a Thracian woman attacking Orpheus.
Luc Renaut, an art historian, suggests that in Thrace, tattooing added beauty, and therefore value, to women in a society where they were bought for marriage that is, they incurred a bride price. Depictions of women on Classical vases ca. The tattoos reinforce the Thracian-ness of the woman in the scene.
Tattoos were placed on the arms, legs, ankles, chest, neck, and chin.
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Sometimes entire arms or legs were covered with bands of designs, row upon row. Much older artistic and direct evidence of female tattooing comes from Egypt. Egyptian tattoos from the late third to early second millennium survive on female mummies and were replicated on female figurines. A pair of Eleventh Dynasty female Egyptian mummies excavated at Deir el-Bahari is the strongest evidence that in the Middle Kingdom, Egyptian women were tattooed.
The same motif can be seen on Egyptian potency figurines from the same site and period. The striking similarity between the painted motifs on the figurine and the preserved tattoos on the female mummy are compelling evidence that cultures that tattooed their women produced female figures with tattoos painted on their bodies.
Egyptian tattooing kits consisted of three items found in the archaeological record. These are razors, needles or pins, and small containers of dried carbon based black pigment. All of these elements of the basic tattooing kit not just in Egypt but around the world are multifunctional items. They could be useful for non-permanent body modification: shaping eyebrows, using black eyeliner. Needles and pins could be used to sew clothing, pop pimples, or remove splinters. Ancient people were very resourceful, and tattooing is very basic. At the core of the procedure is pricking the skin and getting some pigment into the wound.
The process of prick-tattooing by hand is reflected by the representation of the diamond pattern on both the mummified tattoo and on the potency figurine shown here. But in BCE, tattooing in Egypt was done with singular pointed implements or a few pins bound together held in the hand of the tattooist, using their wrist strength to repeatedly poke a motif into the skin. The points may have been dipped into an ink beforehand and it is likely that afterwards the whole area would be rubbed with more ink for good measure to try and get a clear, dark final result.
The Cycladic people ca.
They were the first major Aegean civilisation to flourish in the Early Bronze Age, until the Minoans of Crete rose to prominence with their maritime prowess in the Middle Bronze Age ca. The mortuary practices of Cycladic people burial, sometimes multiple burials and the climatic conditions of the islands, means that there are no preserved tattooed skin remains to support my argument that their women were tattooed. However, like their southern Mediterranean Egyptian neighbours, they produced nude female figures with geometric designs across the face and body.
My first seven tattoos
Furthermore, I have identified objects in the Cycladic archaeological repertoire which are present in the Egyptian tattooing kits - small containers of preserved pigment, obsidian blades to shave the skin, and needles and pins made of bone and metal. These items are also useful beyond the body modification sphere too - butchering, cooking, crafting, espionage - I could go on. But my point pun intended is that people should include tattooing in the list of possible uses for these items.
The painted Cycladic figurines and statues that constitute my artistic evidence are probably the most well known artefacts of this culture. Under special photographic conditions, she found faint traces of red, blue, and black pigment sometimes noticeable with the naked eye were revealed to be the remains of a colourful array of abstract painted motifs. These include: dots, zigzags, stripes, eyes, and possibly linear representations of the Egyptian deity, Bes.
To me, the most enigmatic Cycladic tattoo motif is the eye. Blue evil eye charms are still a potent good luck symbol in the Mediterranean and Near East. You can see it on the neck of the example shown here. Cycladic culture was an oral one that did not create it own script and leave any written clues per se. Instead their cultural ideas are inscribed on the sculptures. I read their designs as tattoos, which identified their bearers as women who had accomplished a certain status in Cycladic society. I chose a blue evil eye as my eighth, and most recent tattoo motif - to pay homage to the eye painted on Cycladic female sculptures.
It was done by a female tattooist in Athens on my last research trip to Greece in The power of female fertility and perils of prehistoric childbirth in ancient societies probably meant that tattoos on women conveyed certain messages. They were indicative of the passage from girlhood to womanhood, of female power and female beauty. If I see my tattoos as permanent records of rites of passage and power over adversity, ancient women and their societies may have been doing the same - but with a more restricted range of motif options.
The limited range of motifs would have been due to both social conventions, the skill of the tattooist, and the tools used to create the tattoo. Next time you see a piece written about female tattooing today, I hope you will wonder at how feminism, globalisation and tattooing have taken so long to come full circle. Some say yes, some say no.
What is known is that a company that accepts tattoos, visible or not, will have happier employees that will feel good about being able to express themselves. Part of the success of a company is having employees who feel like they are accepted for who they are, instead of having to keep up appearances. It can be draining for one to keep up a role play rather than just being themselves Margery Weinstein, Trainingmag. This being said, it is still acceptable to have a policy of forcing employees to keep up appearances when having to deal directly with more conservatives clients and customers.
There has to be a level of respect between both parties.
Essay on Tattoos and Society
For instance, an employer has a job interview with a candidate and they see a great resume. The candidate is obviously well qualified for the job. Then they sit down for the interview and the tattoos become apparent. If an employer turns them down for having tattoos alone, they have let go of a potentially great employee. Even if the employer serves a clientele that is heavily conservative, the tattoos do not have to be a problem. The best solution would be one that allows you to take on the new employee in a way that would still allow you to help and serve your clients.
The employer could just ask if the candidate they are interviewing if they had any opposition to covering up the tattoos while working directly with customers Margery Weinstein, Trainingmag. The candidate should understand this reasoning and could either accept that they cover up or turn down the job. While not a complete solution to the problem of some individuals having a hard time because they have body modifications, it is a way of being respectful towards those that have tattoos, instead of just turning them down outright.
On the other side of this, the person looking to be hired should know the policy of the company before going into the interview and dress accordingly.
Opinion on Tattoos
They should cover up any tattoos and remove any piercings before going into an interview as this shows respect for your prospective employer Raewyn Smith, Sundial. If you are offered a position, they should continue to show respect for the company as their employment progresses. It also means taking out any piercing which might be deemed inappropriate while clocked in and working. The worth of a person should not be based on a person's body image Raewyn Smith, Sundial. The website Mindvalley actually posted a photography project to tackle and fight the stigma of tattoos "Tattoos in the Workplace", Mindvalley.
Included were people in customer service and production but also people in management and finance. They held many different, important positions in the company but are treated equally, whether or not they had visible tattoo or not. This is where we should be moving as a society; accept others as individuals and respecting them. As more and more of the population acquire tattoos and piercings, finding an employee that doesn't will become increasingly hard. People should be judged on character and the quality of their work, not on their appearance or whether or not they have body modifications.
Until we get to that point, we should at least be respectful, both as employees and employers. Hire someone even if they have a tattoo and ask if they could cover up.
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Cover up before an interview and after you are hired. Times are changing. There is no harm in accepting someone who just wants to express or decorate themselves. Works Cited 1. Margery Weinstein. This article goes over how, despite the rising popularity, many employers tend to be against tattooed and pierced employees. It tackles that problem by talking about ways to bring it up to the person you are hiring, as well as how more and more people are accepting of tattoos. Another thing to note is that this website is all about giving advice on professional development and noted that while an employee that has to cover up will if they need money, they are probably not feasible as long time employees.
Steve Albrecht. This article discusses some of the reasoning behind tattoo and piercing restrictions in the workplace and why it is impractical these days. The author starts by stating that they have several tattoos. After going over the recent history of tattoos, they list several reasons why tattooed workers are usually not hired. Socializing Bodies. This article gives a very detailed description of the history of tattoos in western society.
It helped shed light on the history of tattoos in American and how they slowly rose in popularity. I will be using this article to highlight some of this history. This page provides statistics about tattoos, piercings and their relation to the workplace. It starts with percentage of different groups that have tattoos then moves on to statistics about discrimination in the workplace. It also indicates which occupations have the highest percentage of tattooed employees.